In response, Jefferson sent future U.
Negotiations moved swiftly, and at the end of April the U. In exchange, the United States acquired the vast domain of Louisiana Territory, some , square miles of land. The treaty was dated April 30 and signed on May 2.
Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase
In October, the U. Senate ratified the purchase, and in December France transferred authority over the region to the United States. American expansion westward into the new lands began immediately, and in a territorial government was established. On April 30, , exactly nine years after the Louisiana Purchase agreement was made, the first state to be carved from the territory — Louisiana — was admitted into the Union as the 18th U.
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Louisiana sits above the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Mississippi River, bordered by Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east and Texas to the west. Originally colonized by the French during the 18th century, it became U. France had just re-taken control of the Louisiana Territory.
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France ceded the land to Spain 80 years It is New Orleans. Failing that, they were to attempt to create a military alliance with England. Meanwhile, the French Army in St.
The Louisiana Purchase
Domingue was being decimated by yellow fever, and war between France and England still threatened. Although this far exceeded their instructions from President Jefferson, they agreed. When news of the sale reached the United States, the West was elated. President Jefferson, however, was in a quandary. Instead, the Constitution was mainly written by Federalists such as James Madison. Jefferson spoke against a strong federal government and instead advocated states' rights. He feared tyranny of any kind and only recognized the need for a strong, central government in terms of foreign affairs.
He was concerned that the Constitution did not address the liberties that were protected by the Bill of Rights and did not call for term limits for the president. Jefferson's philosophy regarding the role of the central government is most clearly seen when investigating his disagreement with Alexander Hamilton over the creation of a national bank.
Hamilton was a staunch supporter of a strong central government.
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A national bank was not expressly mentioned in the Constitution , but Hamilton thought that the elastic clause U. Jefferson completely disagreed.
He held that all powers given to the national government were enumerated or expressed. If they were not expressly mentioned in the Constitution, then they were reserved to the states. In completing the Louisiana Purchase, Jefferson had to put aside his principles because this type of transaction was not expressly mentioned in the Constitution. Had he waited for a constitutional amendment, however, the deal might have fallen through.
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