In the main action of the battle, which included a flank attack by Howe against the American positions, the Americans were defeated. After an American victory in the subsequent Battle of Harlem Heights, the British prevailed in the Battles of White Plains and Fort Washington, both of which took place before the end of the year. These losses ultimately caused the Americans to evacuate New York City, leaving this important strategic location in the hands of the British Army until the war ended in The map shows unusual detail for northern Manhattan, highlighting topography, buildings, forts, and the defensive positions of the American troops.
Damage to the map shows as a hole in the middle of Manhattan Island. Aside from battlefield positions, the map shows other parts of New York, including Harlem in northern Manhattan and small villages, such as Flushing and New Town, in what later became the borough of Queens.
Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from to , the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the s.
New York Regiments in the Continental Army
Date Created October 24, Subject Date August 27, Language English French. Dessin de l'isle de New-York et des Etats. Continental Army. Each company had a total of 90 soldiers who were commanded by a captain as well as lieutenants, ensigns, or cornets. The Continental Army was also supplemented by local militias and troops that remained under the control of individual states.
- 1st New York Regiment (1775-1776).
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When the one-year enlistment for the soldiers was up in , the Continental Congress had to re-raise the army. This second establishment of the Continental Army, from , consisted of 27 regiments with eight companies in each regiment.
Towards the end of , when the British army began deploying huge forces of German soldiers to supplement their ranks, the Continental Army found itself in desperate need of more soldiers. As a result, in December of , the Continental Congress voted to dramatically increase the number of regiments in the army to about and required soldiers to enlist for the duration of the war or at least three years. This resulted in the third establishment of the Continental Army, from , which consisted of regiments with nine companies in each regiment. Each state provided pay, food, shelter, clothing, arms, and other equipment for each of their state regiments.
The Battle Of Harlem Heights NY 1776
Each state also had a quota, based on their population size, for the number of soldiers they were required to raise. The 1st and 2nd Regiments went on to form the Legion of the United States in which later became the foundation of the United States Army in The Continental Army had a number of advantages over the British army.
Their biggest advantage was that they were fighting for a grand cause, their independence and freedom, which was a very motivating factor. In addition to this, the colonists also had a militia that was highly skilled in guerrilla-style warfare, which the British were unaccustomed to, and the Continental Army was also fighting on its home turf so it knew the land, shortcuts, problems areas and places to hide.
The Continentals’ first battle
Although most of the soldiers were inexperienced, the army fortunately had the leadership skills of George Washington to guide them. Washington was a veteran of the French and Indian War and was considered a very skilled and talented military leader.
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Later in the war, a number of different countries, first France and then Spain and the Dutch Republic, joined the war as allies of the United States or allies of France and provided badly needed funds, troops and supplies. The Continental Army also faced many disadvantages, such as a constant shortage of money, weapons, gun powder, food, clothing and medicine.
The Continental Army in the Revolutionary War
Although the British army had the British government and the Crown to fund them, the Americans had no such source of wealth to draw from in the early days of the war and were always short on money. In the first few years of the war, the colonies had no allies to help them and had to supplement their small army with local militia regiments. Also, the majority of the soldiers in the Continental Army were mostly farmers and had very little to no experience on the battlefield.
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