Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions


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Furthermore, multiple regression analysis was performed with average cortical thickness extracted from each cluster with age, gender and ICV as independent variables and changes in cognitive function as the dependent variable. Diffusion-weighted images were acquired using the 3. Diffusion tensor matrices from the sets of diffusion-weighted images were generated using a general linear fitting algorithm. A threshold FA value of 0. For analysis, the images were also processed by applying the FA non-linear registration and projecting them onto the skeleton using identical projection methods to those inferred from the original FA data.

Then, voxel-wise statistics across subjects on the skeleton-space FA images were carried out. Furthermore, to identify the brain regions correlated with the changes in cognitive function, a multiple regression analysis was performed with the average FA values in different brain regions, with age and gender as independent variables and changes in cognitive function as the dependent variable. Randomization procedure was carried out to categorized participants into the training and control groups. A random digit was generated for each participant according to the table of random numbers.

If the random digit was an even number, the participant was assigned to the control group; if it was an odd number, the participant was assigned to the training group. Demographic variables age, gender and years of education and neuropsychological measures i. Two blind, trained clinical neuropsychologists conducted the neuropsychological assessments.

Post-training neuropsychological evaluations via EMS were conducted within three-month after finishing the training. Program participation was free of charge and there was no financial reward for participation. Among the participants, 49 were randomly selected to test for the changes in the brain structure.

Magnetic resonance imaging was conducted twice, prior to the training pre-training evaluation and 6 months after the training post-training evaluation. Ardila, A. Age-related cognitive decline during normal aging: the complex effect of education. Lachman, M. Verhaeghen, P. Aging 7 , — Ward, N. Engvig, A. Effects of memory training on cortical thickness in the elderly. Neuroimage 52 , — Legge, E. Building a memory palace in minutes: Equivalent memory performance using virtual versus conventional environments with the Method of Loci. Acta Psychol.

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    Driving May Help Prevent Cognitive Decline – Association for Psychological Science – APS

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    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions
    Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions Aging and Cognition: Mental Processes, Self-Awareness and Interventions

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